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Extensive Definition

Hubballi-Dharwad ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿ-ಧಾರವಾಡ, formerly 'Hubli-Dharwad' are twin cities in the state of Karnataka in India . It is the second-largest conurbation in Karnataka, after Bangalore. Dharwad is the administrative headquarters of Dharwad District

Hubballi

Hubballi City, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka. Cotton and peanuts (called groundnuts locally) are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural areas, and Hubballi is a major trading center for both commodities. Sea food from Karwar, a coastal town 165 km away, is packed and shipped from Hubli. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, being the headquarters for South Western Railway Zone and the Hubballi Division. It also has a century-old wagon workshop.
Hubli is an important industrial centre, with more than 1000 allied small and medium industries already established. There are machine tools industries, electrical, steel furnitures, food products, rubber and leather industries and tanning industries. With the establishment of K.E.C, Bhoruka textile Mill, Universal Group of Industries, Microfinish Group, N.G.E.F, K.M.F, BDK Group of Industries and Murudeshwar Ceramics. It has gathered momentum in industrial development. Popular group of hotels, Kamat Group, started off in this very city. IT Park Hubli - situated in the heart of the City and is promoted by the Government of Karnataka IT Department and KEONICS acts as the modalagency for maintaining and marketing of IT Park Hubli. Sankalp Semiconductor are well known companies in the field of software & semiconductor and chip design currently operational in BVB Engineering College campus. STPI-HubliSoftware Technology Parks of India(Organization under the Dept of IT,Govt of India)has been operational from May 2001 and it is located in the 4th Floor of IT Park, to provide the Data communication, Industry promotion and Incubation services to IT/ITES industry.
Kundgol, den for renowned Hindustani classical music singers, is a town situated about 20 km south-east of Hubballi. Panchakshri Gavai, Pandit Putturaj Gawai, Pandit Sawai Gandharva, Pandit Mallikarjun Mansoor, Pandit Basavaraj Rajguru, Pandit Kumar Gandharva, Gangubai Hangal and Pandit Bhimsen Joshi are some of those exponents from this part of the region who have enriched the Hindustani music with their contributions. To continue the tradition of Guru-Shishya parampara, endorsed by such legendaries, the government will set up a Rs 5-crore centre for excellence in the field of Hindustani music — Centre for Hindustani Music — on a sprawling five-acre serene land near Unkal Lake. A pictorial water spot with a magnificent sunset view, this perfect picnic spot has green garden, recreational facilities for the children, boating facilities, etc. The lake is 3 km away from Hubli.
Glass House
As the name suggests, this is a palace of glass, inaugurated by the former Indian Prime Minister, Smt. Indira Gandhi.

Places around Hubli

Navilteerth
A beautiful nature gifted spot on the way to Ramadurga, 53 km away from Hubli.
Sathodi & Mathodi Falls
A place for Trekking & to enjoy the nature gifted falls, 85 km on Hubli - Karwar Highway.
Sykes Point
Situated 84 km from Hubli. A place to watch beauty of nature and sun set - a picnic spot.
Ulavi
It is a holy place where Shri Chennabasaveshwar Temple is situated. Located near Dandeli, 98 km from Hubli.

Tourist attractions of this region

Hubli-Dharwad is like tourism hub of North Karnataka. Stay at Hubli and you can visit Lakkundi, Badami, Aihole, Pattadakal, Gadag and many more...

Badami

Badami (Kannada: ಬದಾಮಿ), formerly known as Vatapi, is a panchayat town in the Bagalkot District of Karnataka, India. It was the regal capital of the Badami Chalukyas from 540 to 757 AD. It is famous for rock cut and other structural temples. It is located in a ravine at the foot of a rugged, red sandstone outcrop that surrounds Agastya lake.

Pattadakal

Pattadakal is 22 km from Badami, the capital of the Chalukya dynasty of Southern India, who built the temples in the seventh and eighth centuries. There are ten temples including a Jain sanctuary sourrounded by numerous small shrines and plinths. Four temples were built in Dravidian style, four in nagara style of Northern India and the Papanatha temple in mixed style.
The group of mounuments in Pattadakal was designated a World Heritage Site in 1987. The victory of the Chalukyan kings are carved in the 'VEERGALLU' stones. Pattadkal was a celebratory city of of Chalukyas. The Chalukyan kings celebrated their Throning ceremony 'PATTAABHISHEKHA' (Crowning -ceremony) at this place (The 'PATTA' is throne in Kannada or singhasan in Hindi).Hence all the crowning and victory landmarks included in kannada became 'PATTADA-KALLU'. Hence in memory of these facts every year Pattadakal Festival is celebarated by Karnataka Government at this place.

Aihole

Aihole was the first capital of the early Chalukyas. Here they built over 125 temples in various styles and is said to be a laboratory of experiments in rock cut architecture. Aihole is to the east of Pattadakal, along the Malaprabha River, while Badami is to the west of both. Pulakesi I, one of the greatest rulers of this dynasty, moved the capital to Badami nearby. Badami was then known as Vatapi. It is from these temples that the Chalukyas gained their experience and went on to build the great temples of Pattadakal. The first phase of temple building in Aihole dates back to the 6th century CE, the second phase up to the 12th century CE. Some temples were even built as early as the 5th century CE.As Nalada in North the Aihole was also an educational Center in south. On the banks of River Malaprabha a shiva temple is located. In mythology ,Parushuram [One of Vishnu's Dashavatars (incarnations)] worshipped Lord Shiva here and hence the temple is called Ramalingeshwara temple. Parushuram after killing several kshatriyas washed his parashu (axe) in the river Malaprabha. The water turned to bloody . The women who came to river exclaimed as 'AIHOLE' ( shee.....t HOLE -River) Thence forth this place was called as 'AIHOLE'.

Lakkundi

Lakkundi in Gadag District of Karnataka is a place of antiquarian interest with as many as 50 temples, 101 stepped wells (called Kalyani or Pushkarni) and 29 inscriptions, spread over the period of the later Chalukyas, Kalachuris, Seuna and the Hoysalas. A great center of Kalyani Chalukyan art, there are several temples of note here. Among them Kasi Vishwanatha is the most ornate and elaborately furnished. There is also a Jain Temple dedicated to Mahavira, the largest & oldest shrines at Lakkundi. Lakkundi is also noted for its step wells, artistically built with small canopied niches inside the walls of the wells enshrining lingas. There is sculpture gallery maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India. The architecture of the Chalukyas of Kalyana are said to be a link between those of the early Chalukyas of Badami and the Hoysalas who succeeded them.

Gadag

It is a twin city muncipality and it is 80 km from Dharward. It is a great centre of Kalyana Chalukya art with the largeTrikuteshwara temple. It was latter expanded by kalyana Chalukyas into a vast complex.The complex has triple shrines once housing Shiva,Brahma and Surya. The saraswathi temple has the finest shining decorative pillars,and the saraswathi image, and it is one of the largest example of Chalukyan art. The place has Someshwara and Rameshwara temples of Chalukyan style. It has Veeranarayana temple of Chalukyan times. The great Kannada poet Kumaravyasa composed his famous kannada Bharatha in this temple.Gadag has a mosque of Adilshahi times and church too.Betageri has many artistic herostones from 9th and 10th centuries.

Annigeri

Annigeri Amrtesvara Temple in Annigeri was built in the Dharwad district in 1050 CE with dravida articulation. This was the first temple made of soapstone

Haveri

Monuments notable for their craftsmanship include the Siddhesvara Temple at Haveri in the Haveri district, the Amrtesvara Temple at Annigeri in the Dharwad district, the Sarasvati Temple in Gadag, and the Dodda Basappa Temple at Dambal, both in the Gadag district.
Soapstone is found in abundance in the regions of Haveri, Savanur, Byadgi, Motebennur and Hangal. The great archaic sandstone building blocks used by the Badami Chalukyas were superseded with smaller blocks of soapstone and with smaller masonry.

Kamala Narayana Temple Degaon

Degaon 24 km from Bailhongal and five km from Kittur is a place with rich antiquity. The place name might have originated from its temple complex Devagrama meaning a village of God. The striking monument here is the magnificient Kamala Narayana Temple, built by the Goa Kadamba queen, Kamaladevi in the 12th century. The sculptures are breathtakingly beautiful. Lions and floral motifs vie with dancing girls for attention.
Reference : www.kar.nic.in/zpbelgaum/kamalanarayantemp.html

Taste of North Karnataka Cuisine at Hubballi-Dharawada

The North Karnataka Cuisine can be primarily found in the northern districts of Karnataka, including Bidar, Kalburgi, Vijapura, Bagalakote,Belagaavi, Raayachooru, Dharwad, Gadag, Haveri, Koppala, and parts of Ballari.
The following are typical items in a typical vegetarian Northern Karnataka meal :
Hubli-Dharwad is famous for its Dharwad pedha - a milk-based sweetmeat.

Rich Folk Heritage

  • Dollu Kunitha
It is a popular drum dance. The large drums are decorated with coloured cloth, and are slung around the necks of men. The dances are at times accompanied with songs relating to religious praise or wars.
  • Veeragase
Veeragase is popular folk dance. It is a symbolic presentation of the heroism and valour of God Veerabahadhra. Its exponents are called Lingadevaru and they perform the dance with religious fervour at festival time especially during the months of Shravana and Kartika.
  • Nandikolu kunitha
This art form is the domain of male devotees of Lord Siva. The Nandi pole is about 18 cubits in length, each cubit representing a 'dharma'. The length of the pole is fitted with brass pots and plates, and ornate silver or brass umbrella at the top with a silk tassel, which is the flag. The performer on a sling balances the pole; this requires skill as well as strength. The sight of the devotee's inspired dance, to the background beat and the resulting symphony of sounds, from the pots and plates on the pole, is truly breathtaking.
  • Jodu halige
Halige meaning two percussion instruments used by two artists to produce rhythmic notes of astounding energy and power. Their movements along the stage expressive of their physical energy harmonizes with the notes produced by the instrument. The Haligi (wood) circular in shape is made of buffalo hide. A short stick is used on it. The notes combined with the bodily movement pervade the stage and overflow to the audience.
  • Lambani nruthya
Lambani women dressed colourfully and move circularly with clapping and singing. This dance is out of the common. In dress, mode of living and dwelling, they dance on important festivities in a free manner.
  • Veerabhadra kunitha
The dance form depicts the story of Veerabhadra, the legendary minor god created by Lord Siva to teach a lesson to his father-in-law Daksha. Veerabhadra to go to the place of the yaga and destroy the ceremony.
The folk art forms of Karnataka need to be revived at the earliest, failing which they will disappear without a trace. Now a days there is no attempt to perform or encourage in North Karnataka, especially with regard to Doddata, Sannata and Gombeyata.

See also

Demographics

The population of the twin cities is 786,000, as per 2001 census and it is estimated more than 900,000 now. Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298, and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. The municipality covers 191 km². Hubli-Dharwad is located 425 km northwest of Bangalore, on the National Highway 4 between Bangalore and Pune in Maharashtra. The City is governed by the Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation , having an elected council.

Climate

The climate of the city is extremely good throughout the year and especially Dharwad is known for its salubrious climate.
The M.S.L. of Hubli is 626.97 meters and that of Dharwad is 696.97 meters. The average yearly rainfall is 838mm.
hubli in Bengali: হুবলি-ধারওয়াদ
hubli in Bishnupriya: হুবলি-ধারৱাদ
hubli in Marathi: हुबळी
hubli in Newari: हुब्ली-धारवाद
hubli in Polish: Hubli-Dharwar
hubli in Portuguese: Hubli
hubli in Swedish: Hubli
hubli in Vietnamese: Hubli-Dharwad
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